Fully Printed Infrared Photodetectors from PbS Nanocrystals with Perovskite Ligands

February 26, 2019

For the deposition of the PbS nanocrystal ink within ABS frames a Freedom Evo 100 (Tecan Group AG, Switzerland), a pipetting robot was used, whereby the system was handled by the software EVOware Standard (version 2.7).

Colloidal nanocrystals from PbS are successfully applied in highly sensitive infrared photodetectors with various device architectures. Here, we demonstrate all-printed devices with high detectivity (∼1012 cm Hz1/2/W) and a cut-off frequency of >3 kHz. The low material consumption (<0.3 mg per detector) and short processing time (14 s per detector) enabled by the automated printing promises extremely low device costs. To enable all-printed devices, an ink formulation was developed based on nanocrystals stabilized by perovskite-like methylammonium iodobismuthate ligands, which are dispersed in a ternary solvent. Fully inkjet printed devices based on this solvent were achieved with printed silver electrodes and a ZnO interlayer. Considerable improvements were obtained by the addition of small amounts of the polymer poly(vinylpyrrolidone) to the ink. The polymer improved the colloidal stability of the ink and its film-formation properties and thus enabled the scalable printing of single detectors and detector arrays. While photoconductors were shown here, the developed ink will certainly find application in a series of further electronic devices based on nanocrystals from a broad range of materials.

YousefiAmin, A; Killilea, NA; Sytnyk, M; Maisch, P; Tam, KC; Egelhaaf, HJ; Langner, S; Stubhan, T; Brabec, CJ; Rejek, T; Halik, M; Poulsen, K; Niehaus, J; Köck, A; Heiss, W;

Journal: ACS Nano Pages: 2389-2397

Original article (30706709)